List of 10 poorest states in Nigeria 2016

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poorest states in nigeria

10 Poorest States In Nigeria

According to the National Bureau of Statistics, these 10 states listed below is the list of the 10 poorest states in Nigeria with over 70% poverty rate. The rating was carried out based on the level of businesses done in that state, the economy which include their per capita income, GDP and level of education qualification and political stability.

  1. Sokoto


A survey carried out on the NBS’s website, shows that Sokoto is the poorest state in Nigeria with an 81.2% poverty rate. Sokoto has a very unfriendly climate conditions with temperature going as high as 45C on a normal day. The state is characterized by its dominant rural nature and it is highly agrarian in that over eighty percent (80%) of the inhabitants of Sokoto practice one form of agriculture or another.

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  1. Katsina

Katsina is a state in North central Nigeria and the home state of the incumbent commander in chief of Nigeria’s armed forces of Nigeria and has the highest poverty prevalence among all states in the region. it ranks as the second in the list of top 10 poorest states in Nigeria.

  1. Adamawa

Formed in 1991 from the extinct Gongola state, Adamawa has of late been terrorized by the Boko Haram terrorists, disrupting its economic development and growth and eroding all signs of potential development.

  1. Gombe

Gombe is another North eastern state which suffers sporadic attacks from Boko Haram insurgents. It is also largely agrarian and has a high level of underdevelopment

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  1. Jigawa

Jigawa state is located in the north-western part of the country. Its population comprises mostly the Hausa/Fulani indigenes, who are spread throughout the state. It has a 74.1 percent poverty rate which is very inimical to development.

  1. Plateau

Plateau state is the twelfth largest state of Nigeria also haunted by some terrorist attacks and tribal clashes from time to time, especially clashes between Fulani herdsmen and its inhabitants. It has recorded more tribal clashes than any state in Nigeria and this destroys ways that can bring about development.

  1. Ebonyi

Ebonyi is the only south-eastern state among the top 10 poorest states in the country. It is largely agrarian and has a high level illiteracy.

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  1. Bauchi

In Hausa the word Bauchi is translated as the land of freedom and tourism. However recent Boko Haram adventures in the area, though few, have driven tourists away from the area and reduced its developmental strides.

  1. Kebbi

It shares borders with Sokoto State,Niger State,Dosso Region in the Republic of Niger and the nation of Benin. The recently concluded Sir Ahmadu Bello International Airport (SABIA), stands out as one of Nigeria’s most sophisticated airports and is expected to boost the state’s economy but it is currently largely underdeveloped.

  1. Zamfara


The state is largely suffering from the clutches of underdevelopment. Recently the governor was blasted for the “alarming scope of economic dangers and its potential risk to the economic development of the state,” by the Zamfara Budget Working Group.

You can also note the following facts:

  • Niger is the state with the least poverty rate which is 33.8%. It was followed by Osun (37.9%) and Ondo (45.7%).
  • Bayelsa (47%) and Lagos (48.6%) have less than 50% poverty rate in poverty rating.
  • The average poverty rate in the Northwest geopolitical zone is 71.4%, which is the highest in the said area.
  • It is followed by the Northeast region which has 69.1% and the North central region which has 60.7%.
  • Poverty was least dominant in the Southwest (49.8%), South-South (55.5%), and South-East regions (59.5%).

samuel ossi

Okorie Samuel Ossi is a Political Scientist, a prolific writer, a motivator and a blogger in Nigeria.

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